Thyroid disease occurs when the thyroid gland malfunctions and produces an abnormal quantity of hormones: too much or too little hormone can be equally troublesome.
The thyroid disorders that we most commonly see are:
The two thyroid hormones, triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4), help to regulate a great many bodily processes, including:
- Cholesterol levels
- Heart rate
- Metabolism and weight
- Nervous system functions
- Muscle strength
- Menstrual cycles
- Body temperature
- Brain development in the fetus
One sees that thyroid disease can have wide-ranging effects and requires careful, thoughtful evaluation and therapy.