Treatment of osteoporosis, most often for women of menopausal age and older. Attention to optimizing bone health by assessing vitamin D and nutritional deficiencies, fracture history and the likelihood of future fractures.
By age 18 in girls and age 20 in boys, about 85-90% of adult bone mass is acquired.
Building strong bones during childhood and adolescence can help prevent osteoporosis from developing later in life.
There are five steps, which together can optimize bone health and help prevent osteoporosis:
- Get the daily recommended amounts of calcium and vitamin D
- Perform regular weight-bearing and muscle-strengthening exercises
- Avoid smoking and excessive alcohol
- Consult with your healthcare provider about bone health
- Have a bone density test taken and use medication as prescribed
Factors that increase the likelihood of developing osteoporosis and broken bones are called “risk factors.” Many of these risk factors include:
- Being female
- Older age
- Family history of osteoporosis or broken bones
- Being small and thin
- Certain race/ethnicities such as Caucasian, Asian, or Hispanic/Latino although African Americans are also at risk
- History of broken bones
- Low sex hormones
- Low estrogen levels in women, including menopause
- Missing periods (amenorrhea)
- Low levels of testosterone and estrogen in men
- Low calcium intake
- Low vitamin D intake
- Excessive intake of protein, sodium and caffeine
- Inactive lifestyle
- Alcohol abuse
- Certain medications such as steroid medications, some anticonvulsants and others
- Certain diseases and conditions such as anorexia nervosa, asthma and others
- Loss of height (which may indicate a spinal fracture)
Women can lose up to 20 percent of their bone mass in the five to seven years after menopause, making them more susceptible to osteoporosis.
Learn why bone health should be a family tradition.
Risk Factors and other information about osteoporosis on this site, is as published by the National Osteoporosis Foundation